Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis ?

Rheumatoid arthritis ** is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels.

An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues.

Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.

The inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis is what can damage other parts of the body as well. While new types of medications have improved treatment options dramatically, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical disabilities.


Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:

  • Tender, warm, swollen joints
  • Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever and loss of appetite

Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect your smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet.

As the disease progresses, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.

About 40% of people who have rheumatoid arthritis also experience signs and symptoms that don’t involve the joints. Areas that may be affected include:

  • Skin
  • Eyes
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Salivary glands
  • Nerve tissue
  • Bone marrow
  • Blood vessels

Rheumatoid arthritis signs and symptoms may vary in severity and may even come and go. Periods of increased disease activity, called flares, alternate with periods of relative remission — when the swelling and pain fade or disappear. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can cause joints to deform and shift out of place.


Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, your immune system helps protect your body from infection and disease. In rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system attacks healthy tissue in your joints. It can also cause medical problems with your heart, lungs, nerves, eyes and skin.

Doctors don’t know what starts this process, although a genetic component appears likely. While your genes don’t actually cause rheumatoid arthritis, they can make you more likely to react to environmental factors — such as infection with certain viruses and bacteria — that may trigger the disease.

Risk factors

Factors that may increase your risk of rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Your sex. Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Age. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age, but it most commonly begins in middle age.
  • Family history. If a member of your family has rheumatoid arthritis, you may have an increased risk of the disease.
  • Smoking. Cigarette smoking increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, particularly if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease. Smoking also appears to be associated with greater disease severity.
  • Excess weight. People who are overweight appear to be at a somewhat higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.


Rheumatoid arthritis increases your risk of developing:

  • Osteoporosis. Rheumatoid arthritis itself, along with some medications used for treating rheumatoid arthritis, can increase your risk of osteoporosis — a condition that weakens your bones and makes them more prone to fracture.
  • Rheumatoid nodules. These firm bumps of tissue most commonly form around pressure points, such as the elbows. However, these nodules can form anywhere in the body, including the heart and lungs.
  • Dry eyes and mouth. People who have rheumatoid arthritis are much more likely to develop Sjogren’s syndrome, a disorder that decreases the amount of moisture in the eyes and mouth.
  • Infections. Rheumatoid arthritis itself and many of the medications used to combat it can impair the immune system, leading to increased infections. Protect yourself with vaccinations to prevent diseases such as influenza, pneumonia, shingles and COVID-19.
  • Abnormal body composition. The proportion of fat to lean mass is often higher in people who have rheumatoid arthritis, even in those who have a normal body mass index (BMI).
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome. If rheumatoid arthritis affects your wrists, the inflammation can compress the nerve that serves most of your hand and fingers.
  • Heart problems. Rheumatoid arthritis can increase your risk of hardened and blocked arteries, as well as inflammation of the sac that encloses your heart.
  • Lung disease. People with rheumatoid arthritis have an increased risk of inflammation and scarring of the lung tissues, which can lead to progressive shortness of breath.
  • Lymphoma. Rheumatoid arthritis increases the risk of lymphoma, a group of blood cancers that develop in the lymph system.

** Adopted from Mayo Clinic

Relief from Rheumatoid Arthritis

We are pleased to have introduced to our service a red/infrared LED total body light pod for non-specific and non-localised inflammation for overall symptomatic relief of all causes of chronic pain including more systemic pain conditions. This includes more systemic pain conditions,  and also stress and fatigue, as well as to enhance general well-being in all individuals. We made the decision to add this modality to our services having gauged its success internationally over the past couple of years, receiving much positive feedback. For rheumatoid arthritis we suggest a trial in our iRPod  for well-being and a tool for the management of chronic pain. Our iRPod  utilises the principles of LLLT/Photobiomodulation treatment and has been shown in recent years to reduce pain and improve function in patients with generalised pain conditions.

The technology utilises therapeutic red and infrared LED light wave lengths which safely and effectively provide a whole body treatment based on scientifically proven, evidence-based Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy, also known as Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT).

Pain conditions that may be helped include inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, generalised pain from inflammatory musculoskeletal autoimmune disease, headaches, undiagnosed body pains, e.g. pelvic, abdominal, neuropathic, neurological pain etc. While the iRPod  doesn’t purport to address the cause of such pain, which is often unknown, it provides an alternative to drug pain relief therapy (analgesia) and may reduce the burden of inflammation in the body, improving sleep, energy and general well-being.

The iRPod  has numerous other benefits beyond pain management and these include:

  • reduction of aches and pains,
  • improved sleep quality,
  • improved energy and mood, reduced fatigue
  • augmented weight loss
  • speedy recovery following exercise/sport/competition. Elite sporting clubs overseas have attributed the light therapy pod to enhancing sports  performance  (legally!) and improving post-competition recovery.
  • cosmetic benefits – deeply photo rejuvenating; increases collagen production reducing fine lines and wrinkles, sun spots and freckles

As with all PBM/LLLT it is completely safe with no negative effects.

Recently leaders in our field were invited to address the US Congress on how Photobiomodulation (PBM) or Low level laser Therapy assists in chronic pain conditions and can offer a solution to the growing opioid their (and our) country faces. On the following links are references to this and another interesting patient testimonial.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wfF1MTdx_Q – Speech to Congress
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNDOOh7Vtj8 – Patient testimonial and speech
And see this article in the Forbes magazine 

We recommend booking a minimum of 4 sessions but ideally 12, on a twice weekly basis, after your first initial trial.

We hope you take the opportunity to experience the benefits the iRPod  has to offer to your health, and well-being, with added benefits of photorejuvenation.

*Individual results may vary

Contact Us on 03 8529 2225 or email  irpod.au@gmail.com now to book your trial session in the iRPod.